Ray JG, Norris CM, Udell JA, Tsuyuki RT, McAlister FA, Knudtson ML, Ghali WA. Lipid-lowering therapy and outcomes in heart failure. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Mar;12(1):27-35.
Lipid-lowering therapy, particularly with statins, reduces the risk of cardiovascular mortality; however, there is uncertainty about their efficacy in patients with heart failure, including those without coronary artery stenosis. A clinical database was studied to determine whether lipid-lowering therapy is associated with improved survival in persons with heart failure—with or without concomitant coronary artery stenosis. During an 8-year period, 6060 people with a history of heart failure underwent coronary angiography. At the time of angiography, 1216 received a lipid-lowering agent. During a median follow-up of 4.7 years, 7.1 deaths per 100 person-years occurred among users of lipid-lowering therapy, compared with 7.8 per 100 person-years among nonusers (adjusted hazard ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.77-0.97). Use of lipid-lowering therapy was associated with a reduced risk of death in patients with heart failure. Current evidence supports statin use in individuals with recognized heart failure and concomitant coronary heart disease, dyslipidemia, or diabetes mellitus. More data are needed before statins can be recommended in those with isolated heart failure.